"Great responsibility rests with referees"
International sambo referee seminar was held in Moscow from March 21 till March 22
International sambo referee seminar was held in Moscow from March 21 till March 22 on the base of Sambo-70 Sports and Education Center. More than 90 people from 28 countries across the world took part in this event. Theory and practice, basics and top class – these days attendees could learn each and every detail of sambo refereeing. The details of this event and the impressions of the seminar participants are available in the report on FIAS website.
The gym, opened in 2013, is still considered new in Sambo-70. And this is rightly so, since it looks absolutely brand-new. On entering the gym, you will be asked about the second pair of shoes, in case of its absence you will be offered with shoe covers. They take good care of their property at school and promote this culture among the visitors in every possible way.

Many referees, who came to participate in the International seminar in Moscow, have already been familiar with these rules. Participation in this seminar for international referees is an annual "must have". Along with familiar faces, newcomers from around the world appear at the seminar regularly. The representatives of the Netherlands Frederic Jan Ningbers and Jan Hendricus Hallink were among such newcomers.
Being among the most interested listeners of theoretical part, they both tried to approve themselves during practical refereeing on the mat with true Dutch zeal. The seminar's participants put on referees uniform and got down to refereeing sparrings of Sambo-70 young trainees. This practice was applied in the training system of the international seminar in Moscow for the first time and was a great success. Children took pleasure in their performances and in the fact of being evaluated by referees from all over the world. Referees got a chance to practice and receive evaluation of their job from more experienced colleagues. The Dutch took full advantage of this opportunity.
"Following the results of my refereeing, I received a few remarks and realized that I need to be more confident on the mat. I think this confidence will come with experience. The more I work as a referee the better the results will be", - said Ningbers, who asked to call him Frank.

"I already took part in the referee seminar, which was held in Kstovo about 10 years ago, not as a referee, but as a sportsman on the mat. This time I arrived at the seminar with my colleague, our main goal is to get all necessary skills to judge at sambo competitions in Holland. Moreover, we want to share our experience with other referees in our country so that together we can host as many sambo competitions as possible", - admitted the representative of the Netherlands.
"Of course, we are newcomers here, but it's a great pleasure that we are treated well and receive all necessary help"
According to Frank Ningbers, at the seminar he got acquainted with many experienced referees, who he can learn from.

"Of course, we are newcomers here, but it's a great pleasure that we are treated well and receive all necessary help, - said the Dutch referee. – The only problem is that the instruction is offered in Russian, so we need an interpreter. I can say the interpreter is doing great. Of course, almost everyone in the Netherlands knows English, but I think that we will have to translate the rules into Dutch anyway".

Ningbers made it clear that he was not going to become an internationally certified referee.

"All it takes is handling one's duties at the nationwide level. Besides, I am the head of the Dutch delegation at all large-scale international tournaments, that is why the gained knowledge will prove useful for sure", - he said.
"Great responsibility rests with referees during the competitions"
In contrast to the Dutch, the Venezuelan Carelia Granadillo has already become an experienced referee. She started her refereeing career in 2003 and even had a chance to work at 2013 Sambo World Cup in Saint Petersburg.

"Great responsibility rests with referees during the competitions. Each decision can be fateful for the combat`s outcome, that is why three referees judge fights, which in turn significantly reduces the risk of making a mistake. In such a way, referees back each other up, - noted Carelia. – This is my second referee seminar; previously I took part in such event in the Russian town Kstovo. There are certain difficulties at the seminar taking into account that the language of instruction is Russian. As for technique and rules, I know them well and expect to pass the final test".

Following the results of a two-day training, the referees take the exam, which consists of theoretical and practical parts. Those who pass it will receive the FIAS certificate, confirming their right to work at sambo competitions of international and national levels. That is exactly the goal of the Italian Paolo Saccone.
"Для меня самое сложное в судейской работе – это вовремя остановить поединок, особенно когда речь идет о болевых приемах"
"At this seminar I want not only to gain experience, but also to pass the exam to get the license for the work as internationally certified referee, - he said. – I take part in such event for the first time. On day one, I saw and learnt many interesting things. I`m sure that this knowledge will be very useful in future".

Paolo mentioned that he had retired 3 years ago.

"I was physically unable to train and perform at high level as I used to before. Nevertheless, I love sambo and I want to stay in sports that is why I have chosen a referee career. I work regularly at Italian competitions; also, I judged fights at the Youth World Championship in Romania last year. I plan to grow professionally as a referee further," – noted Saccone.

"The most difficult thing in refereeing for me is to stop the fight in time especially when it comes to submission holds or chokeholds like in combat sambo. And, of course, it's very difficult to have a measure of sportsmen' actions on the mat, since the outcome of the fight depends on your decision, - said the Italian. – Some sportsmen and coaches sometimes think that they have been misjudged, that the referee made a mistake. For this purpose there are 3 referees on the mat, each shares one's opinion, the final decision depends on majority of votes".
"Sambo traditions in Cuba are very strong"
Today Cuban sambo wrestlers are not exactly trendsetters on the international arena. Meanwhile, Cuban national team took part in Pan-American Sambo Championship in 1983, at which the team came second.

"Sambo traditions in Cuba are very strong and this sport is getting second wind in our country. I used to go in for judo, I have the 4th dan; after I had retired I decided to realize my potential in sambo and chose a referee career, - said the Cuban representative Jessica Montenegro Labrada. – Refereeing in sambo is very difficult, there are many things to learn, it's necessary to have quick reaction and cope with anxiety during large-scale tournaments".

However, the Cuban referee has similar experience. She judged fights at Pan-American Championships in Nicaragua and Paraguay.

"At the moment I work on improving of my professional skills. I think that taking part in the seminar will contribute to my further career, I will be able to work as a referee at the national and international competitions", - she said.

The international referee seminar in Moscow ended today on March 22. The participants, who had passed the exam, became the holders of the appropriate certificates; we will see them working at various international tournaments in the near future for sure.
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